Trade for prosperity

Weight gain occurs when you regularly eat more calories than you use through normal bodily functions and physical activity.

Losing weight means eating fewer calories and burning more energy through physical activity.

Calories and your weight

The amount of energy in an item of food or drink is measured in calories.

When we eat and drink more calories than we use up, our bodies store the excess as body fat. If this continues, over time we may put on weight.

As a guide, an average man needs around 2,500kcal (10,500kJ) a day to maintain a healthy body weight. For an average woman, that figure is around 2,000kcal (8,400kJ) a day. These values can vary depending on age, size and levels of physical activity, among other factors.

You can use the NHS website’s calorie checker to look up the calories of more than 150,000 different foods and drinks quickly and simply at

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Your BMI is a good indication of whether you’re a healthy weight. If your BMI is between 25 and 29.9, you are overweight. If it’s 30 and over you are obese and could be morbidly obese if it’s 40 and over. It’s easy to check your BMI on the NHS website (

Waist-to-hip ratio

The BMI is a general indicator but a more important measurement is the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Fat around the belly is of more concern than elsewhere in the body because of the danger it poses to vital organs. For women, a waist measurement of 80cm (31.5 inches) or more is considered high risk, while for men, it’s 94cm (37 inches) or more.

To measure your waist:

✚ Find the bottom of your ribs and the top of your hips;

✚ Wrap a tape measure around your waist, midway between these points;

✚ Breathe out naturally before taking the measurement.

Anyone who is obese has a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. You might think this isn’t a serious condition because it can be managed with medication, but there are many potentially life-changing complications that can arise from it, including loss of vision or blindness, kidney problems, and even amputations as a result of reduced blood supply to the feet and unhealed sores and infections in that area.

Pharmacy support

It’s no secret that a balanced, nutritious diet along with regular exercise is the safest way to lose weight and to keep it off long-term. But if you’re obese, you may need more help than this.

Some community pharmacies work in partnership with popular weight management clinics and can refer you to them. Others provide their own weight loss services which may include incentive schemes, exercise prescriptions or medication.

If appropriate, the pharmacist may be able to offer you clinically proven medication to help you lose weight, making sure it is suitable for you and your particular needs, and that it does not interact with other medicines you may already be taking. If the pharmacist identifies any extra medical issues, you will always be referred back to your GP.

Your local pharmacy team will help you to understand that weight loss is part of a journey towards a healthier lifestyle, not just a short-term fix. But small changes can make a big difference. A new study reveals that taking a brisk 30-minute walk, five times a week, is the most effective form of exercise to keep weight off; it also significantly reduces waist measurement, especially for women.

The benefits of losing weight can be profound for your mental and physical wellbeing, and for those with Type 2 diabetes it can be extremely powerful.

Significant weight loss and regular exercise can help to reverse the condition, meaning that many of those who are successful in dropping the pounds can reduce their medication or completely come off it. However, it’s important that this is only done with the supervision of a healthcare professional such as a pharmacist or GP.


Our Infant range provides general pain and fever relief, gentle enough for most babies as young as 2 months. It starts to work on fever in just 15 minutes but is still gentle on delicate tummies. CALPOL® Infant Suspension is available in tasty strawberry flavour as 100ml, 200ml, or sachets. We have sugar free, and sugar & colour free versions available alongside our original suspension.


It’s important to choose an appropriate medicine for your child’s age. CALPOL® SixPlus relieves 5 types of pain… headache, toothache, sore throat, earache, and other aches and pains including muscle aches. CALPOL® SixPlus Suspension is formulated with more than 2x the strength of infant paracetamol. Our SixPlus range includes Suspension and Fastmelts; the only dissolve-in-the-mouth tablet to provide on-the-go pain relief for kids 6 years and over.


With the CALPOL® Family of products, there are a wide range of products to help you relieve the symptoms of your little one’s cold. CALPOL® Saline Nasal Spray and CALPOL® Saline Nasal Drops are suitable from birth and can be used to treat blocked, dry or irritated nasal passages caused by cold and flu, sinusitis, allergy (including hay fever) and post-nasal surgery. We also have the CALPOL® Vapour Plug & Nightlight, which releases soothing lavender and camomile vapours that comfort your child through the night and help with clear & easy breathing.


Cough syrups from the CALPOL® Family have been specially formulated to provide relief from irritating coughs. CALCOUGH Infant Syrup and CALCOUGH Children’s Syrup provides effective relief for little coughs, with immediate soothing relief for day & night use.





From fever, to coughs and blocked noses, we’ve got it covered; Calpol has a range of products for everyday childhood symptoms. For more information about any of our products, please visit

*in a poll of 329 parents of children 10 years and under, 90% were likely to recommend Calpol to friends/family to use for their children. YouGov, 2019. For claims verification please contact us here
CALPOL® Infant Suspension, CALPOL® Sugar Free Colour Free Oral Suspension, and CALPOL® Infant Suspension Sachets. For infants 2 months + (weighing +4kg & not premature). CALPOL® SIXPLUS™ Sugar Free Suspension (for 6+ years only). CALPOL® SIXPLUS™ Fast Melts (for 6+ years only). Contains paracetamol. For pain and fever. Always read the label.
CALPOL® Saline Nasal Spray and CALPOL® Saline Nasal Drops (from birth) for congestion relief. Non medicine. Always read the label.
CALPOL® Vapour Plug & Nightlight (from 3 months) to help with clear and easy breathing. Non medicine. Always read the label
CALCOUGH® Children’s Syrup (for 1+ years). CALCOUGH® Infant Syrup (for 3+ months). Contains glycerol. For cough. Always read the label.

Who we are

The National Pharmacy Association (NPA) is the voice of independent community pharmacies across the UK and a key provider of services to the pharmacy sector. About half of all pharmacies are family-owned and run, small to medium-sized organisations and we are very proud to represent them!

Pharmacies are a local lifeline and vital to the health of the nation. Often the first port of call for advice and treatment, pharmacies are a key part of neighbourhood health services. Pharmacies provide a range of NHS services, ensure people can get face-to-face care without an appointment, and take pressure off GPs and hospitals.

What we do

And there is the potential for so much more. We are in constant dialogue with government and NHS about how to develop our service offering to meet the ever-changing needs of patients.

Local pharmacies are a key NHS asset on the health service frontline. For a typical independent pharmacy, more than 90% of their activity and income is for NHS services.

The NPA has a vision for the future of community pharmacy in which pharmacies are thriving and patients are enjoying the benefits in all parts of the country. We want to see pharmacies better integrated with other NHS health services, supporting health and wellbeing, utilising digital technology, providing excellent patient care and recognised as the ‘front door to health’ in every neighbourhood.

Points of view

A recent opinion poll by the NPA reveals that:

  • 74% of people want to see local pharmacies provide a wider range of NHS services, and see them as ‘neighbourhood health and wellbeing centres’.
  • 89% of people believe pharmacies are playing an essential role in the COVID19 crisis.
  • The vast majority of respondents (8 in 10) say it is important to have face-to-face contact with their pharmacist.

The same survey shows that people think their local independent pharmacies are friendly, trustworthy and caring. We certainly hope this is your own experience!

Overall, the research shows widespread public support for pharmacists to play a greater role in the future of the NHS and a strong attachment to neighbourhood services and the human touch in healthcare. 

Health service frontline

Pharmacy teams across the UK have been working hard over the last few months on the NHS frontline to keep their regular services going, while meeting vastly increased demand because of coronavirus. They continue to treat minor illnesses, help people manage long-term medical conditions, supply medicines and provide urgent care. They’ve absorbed demand that would otherwise have fallen onto other parts of the healthcare system, including GPs and A&E.

You might be surprised at the range of support available on your doorstep in local pharmacies – from flu vaccinations and help to quit smoking, to sexual health services, NHS medicines consultations and healthy living advice. Community pharmacy is about people, (people like you), not just pills!

We hope you enjoy this publication and discover lots more about what your local pharmacies provide. Please make the most of the services on offer. Support your local pharmacy so that they can stay open to support you and the generations to come.

  • There are approximately 14,000 pharmacies in the UK
  • 95% of people can get to a pharmacy within 20 minutes (by foot or by public transport)
  • 51% visit their local pharmacy once a month or more
  • 90% of pharmacies have consultation areas
  • For a typical pharmacy, more than 90% of activity and income is for NHS services.
  • Community pharmacies dispense more than 1 billion prescription items every year.
  • Community pharmacists intervene on 6.6 million prescription items a year, liaising with doctors to ensure your safety
  • 20 million more GP appointments a year for common ailments could instead be handled in pharmacies